Logical Argument 1: Every Knee and Every Tongue
In the discipline of logic, there are many valid logical forms of argumentation. The argument I will describe here is a logical argument from the Bible. But before we begin, let’s talk logic for a bit.
Logical arguments are based on premises. If the premises are actually true and the argument is valid, then the conclusion you arrive at must be accurate. Here is the logical form of our argument:
If A is true, then B is true (premise 1)
A is true (premise 2)
Therefore B is true (conclusion)
Let’s look at a basic example before we get into the actual Scriptural argument.
If water is needed for human life, then people would die without it. (Premise 1)
Water is needed for human life. (Premise 2 )
Therefore, people would die without water. (Conclusion)
Now let’s look at some important Bible verses and apply this same reasoning:
Premise 1: If A then B
If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
Notice the following:
1. “A” is declaring Jesus is Lord and believing God raised him from the dead.
2. “B” is “you will be saved.”
Premise 2: “A” is true for everyone
“Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth;
For I am God, and there is no other.
“I have sworn by Myself,
The word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness
And will not turn back,
That to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance.
“They will say of Me, ‘Only in the Lord are righteousness and strength.’
Men will come to Him,
And all who were angry at Him will be put to shame.
“In the Lord all the offspring of Israel
Will be justified and will glory.”
For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Romans 14:11 (ESV)
For it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. ”
Conclusion: Everyone will be saved!
Why? Because everyone will fulfill the conditions necessary for salvation, according to the Bible. It says that “every knee will bow” and “every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord.”
Now some may argue that there is an important condition missing (i.e. “believing in your heart”), but I think that is a weak argument. The reason I think so is that it is clearly implied that everyone will believe that Jesus was raised from the dead because they will be seeing him with their own eyes. There won’t be any room for doubt! It will be obvious as He will have revealed Himself to all at that point.
Also, some will say that confessing Jesus Christ as Lord must occur before death. But, the text does NOT say that! That is adding an extra condition that is not biblical! In fact, you won't find this condition anywhere in the Bible. Look for yourself.
Another argument that I have heard is that the bowing and confessing will be a forced bowing and confessing, as you might bow reluctantly to a conquering king who’s about to take your head. Therefore, it is argued, the bowing and confessing will be coerced and inauthentic. This is not, however, the sense of the Greek words used in the context of the passages.
Let’s take a look.
Here are definitions for the word translated “bow” retrieved from http://biblehub.com/greek/2578.htm:
Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2578: κάμπτω
κάμπτω ; future καμψω; 1 aorist ἐκαμψα;
a. to bend, bow : τό γόνυ (and τά γούνατα), the knee (the knees), used by Homer of those taking a seat or sitting down to rest (Iliad 7, 118; 19, 72); in Biblical Greek with the dative of person to one i. e. in honor of one, in religious veneration; used of worshippers: Romans 11:4 and 1 Kings 19:18 (where for כָּרַע followed by לְ); πρόςτινα, toward (unto) one, Ephesians 3:14 .
b. reflexively, to bow oneself: κάμψει πᾶν γόνυ ἐμοί, shall bow to me (in honor), i. e. everyone shall worship me , Romans 14:11 (from Isaiah 45:23 ); ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι Ἰησοῦ, in devout recognition of the name (of κύριος) which Jesus received from God, Philippians 2:10 (cf. Winers Grammar, 390 (365); Lightfoot, Meyer, in the place cited; also ὄνομα, especially sub at the end. Compare: ἀνακάμπτω, συγκάμπτω).
Notice that the term connotes the bowing of worshipers, in religious veneration and showing of honor. This is not merely the bowing of conquered people, but of redeemed, thankful people acknowledging God for who He is.
The same is true for the word translated “confess” as can be clearly seen below (retrieved from http://biblehub.com/greek/1843.htm):
exomologeó: to agree, confess
Original Word: ἐξομολογέω
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (ex-om-ol-og-eh'-o)
Short Definition: I consent fully, confess
Definition: (a) I consent fully, agree out and out, (b) I confess, admit, acknowledge (cf. the early Hellenistic sense of the middle: I acknowledge a debt), (c) I give thanks, praise.
1843 eksomologéō (from 1537 /ek, "wholly out from," intensifying 3670/homologéō, "say the same thing about") – properly, fully agree and to acknowledge that agreement openly (whole-heartedly); hence, to confess ("openly declare"), without reservation (no holding back).
Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 1843: ἐξομολογέω
ἐξομολογέω , ἐξομολόγω: 1 aorist ἐξωμολόγησα; middle, (present εξ( ὀμολογοῦμαι); future ἐξομολογήσομαί; (1 aorist subjunctive 3 person singular ἐξομολογήσηται, Philippians 2:11 RG L text Tr text WH); (ἐξ either forth from the heart, freely, or publicly, openly (cf. Winers Grammar, 102 (97))); active and deponent middle to confess, to profess;
These lexicons clearly show confession to be a word connoting open, willing confession, and the giving of thanks and praise. This is the confession of true belief, not begrudging subjugation. Though we will be put to shame (of course we will be ashamed of our bad choices) for rebelling against God as mentioned in Isaiah 45:24, we will all acknowledge Him for who He is and praise Him for His salvation.
Do not forget that Romans 14:11 says that as the LORD lives, “ every knee shall bow”, and “every tongue shall confess to God. ”
So, logically, if our premises are true (and I believe they are since they are directly from Scripture), our conclusion must also be true:
All people WILL be saved!
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