Logical Argument 2: God’s Sovereignty, Will and Purpose
We have already established some clear principles of logic. Now we will apply these principles again to show that God will indeed save all people. First, we must establish our premises.
Premise 1: God’s Sovereignty
The premise can be stated like this. If God is sovereign (i.e. in control of all things), then He can and will do whatever He wills to do.
So now we must address the concept of God being sovereign from a biblical standpoint to determine if it is true. Let’s examine the evidence together now.
“Remember this and stand firm,
recall it to mind, you transgressors,
remember the former things of old;
for I am God, and there is no other;
I am God, and there is none like me,
declaring the end from the beginning
and from ancient times things not yet done,
saying, ‘My counsel shall stand,
and I will accomplish all my purpose,’
calling a bird of prey from the east,
the man of my counsel from a far country.
I have spoken, and I will bring it to pass;
I have purposed, and I will do it.”
"Jesus looked at them and said, 'With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible'.”
Ephesians 1:11-12"In him we were also chosen, having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will, in order that we, who were the first to put our hope in Christ, might be for the praise of his glory."
Psalm 115:3Our God is in heaven; he does whatever pleases him.
Proverbs 19:21Many are the plans in a person’s heart, but it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails.
Romans 8:29-30"For those God foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. And those he predestined, he also called; those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified."
From all of these verses, it is apparent that God is able to accomplish His will and that He will in fact make it happen. Whatever He wants to accomplish, He will succeed at it. This is abundantly clear from these Scriptures as well as others.
Now we must ask what the will of God is, for we know that he will bring it about.
It is unmistakable from the word of God that His will, purpose, and desire is the salvation of all people and the ultimate redemption of all things. Consider the following Scriptures.
The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.
The word translated "wishing" in this Bible version is also translated "willing" in other versions. In the Greek it is boulomenos (βουλόμενος). According to HELPS Word-studies, boulomenos has the connotation of resolute planning and "is a strong term that underlines the predetermined (and determined) intention driving the planning (wishing, resolving)."
The reason I bring up the Greek is because some will argue that God is merely wishing that all will come to repentance in the same way that a person might wish upon a star, like I used to wish for the Knight Rider Power Wheel car when I was four. But this isn't the connotation of the word at all. Instead it denotes planning, purpose, and determination. And as we've seen, God's purposes cannot be thwarted.
If anyone hears my words and does not keep them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world but to save the world.
1 Timothy 2:1-6
I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people— for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness. This is good, and pleases God our Savior, who wants all people to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all people. This has now been witnessed to at the proper time.
The word translated "wants" in this passage from Timothy is thelei (θέλει). This word has more semantic range than boulomai, connoting everything from desire to design, and sometimes means "to be resolved or determined, to purpose" (Bible Hub). Regardless of its exact connotation, the desire of God is made perfectly clear. It is reasonable, however, to interpret the word as having a similar sense to the boulomenos of 2 Peter since there is acknowledgment among scholars that the words thelei and boulomai "are sometimes used indiscriminately, and especially that θέλω as the less sharply-defined term is put where βούλομαι would be proper." This may be especially true considering how the Greek language has evolved since "in modern Greek θέλω seems to have nearly driven βούλομαι out of use" (Bible Hub, referencing other scholarly works).
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him .”
The Scriptures clearly teach us that God desires all people to be saved!
This leads us to our second premise:
Premise 2: If God wills to save all people, then He will do it.
It is crystal clear from the Bible that God’s desire is for the salvation of all mankind, therefore He will accomplish his purpose. As He said in Isaiah “so shall my word be that goes out from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, but it shall accomplish that which I purpose, and shall succeed in the thing for which I sent it.”
Isn’t Jesus said to be the Word? Isn’t it clearly stated that his purpose was to save mankind, not condemn us? Won’t he succeed? I believe the Scriptures undeniably say that He will!
Let God’s word speak to you.
Then we can pray as Jesus’ taught us:
Your kingdom come.
Your will be done,
On earth as it is in heaven.
And we can be sure that this prayer is not said in vain, knowing that it will be fulfilled as more people continue to become obedient to Christ in the present, and also that it will be fulfilled in its entirety when Christ reconciles "to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross" (Colossians 1:20).
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